Uniform Axial Stress

The component of axial stress not due to bending, assumed uniform across any cross section.

Bending Stress

The axial stress due to solely to bending. The stress can be positive (tension) or negative (compression), depending on the location of the point in the cross section.

Torsional Stress

The torsional shear stress is acting in the circumferential direction on the pipe cross section.